The Ultimate Guide to E-Biking in New York: What You Need to Know Before You Hit the Road

New York Law Summary 2023

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E-bikes are becoming more popular and accessible in New-York, but do you know what the law says about them? E-bikes are not the same as regular bicycles or motorcycles, and they have their own set of rules and regulations that apply to them. In this document, we will explain what an e-bike is, how it is classified, where you can ride it, and what equipment and safety measures you need to follow.

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New York E-Bike Rules and Regulations Summary

The following are highlights from the New York State Electric Bike Law Handouts:

-E-bikes are bicycles with electric motors that provide assistance to the rider.

-E-bikes are classified into three classes:
     Class 1: E-bikes with a motor that provides assistance only when the rider is pedaling.

     Class 2: E-bikes with a motor that provides assistance even when the rider is not pedaling.

     Class 3: E-bikes with a motor that provides assistance only when the rider is pedaling and that cuts off at 28 mph.

-E-bikes are subject to the same rules of the road as bicycles, including wearing a helmet, using lights at night, and yielding to pedestrians.

-E-bikes are not allowed on sidewalks, in crosswalks, or in bike lanes.

-E-bikes are allowed on most roads and trails, but there may be some restrictions.

-E-bikes are not allowed in state parks or on trails that are part of the state park system.

-E-bikes are allowed on the Long Island Rail Road and Metro-North Railroad, but they must be folded

New York E-Bike Trail Specifics

The law in New York allows people to ride electric bikes on trails, but there are some restrictions. People must stay on designated trails, and they must not ride on trails that are closed to bikes. Electric bikes are not allowed on trails that are too steep or slippery.

Top New York E-Bike Trails on Alltrails to get you started! is a website that helps you find and explore hiking, biking, running, and more trails. You can browse by location, difficulty, length, rating, and activity type. You can also create custom maps and routes, track your progress and share your adventures with others.

You can select trails by difficulty, length, and other options – a great place to learn where to ride your new ebike. My wife and I use Alltrails every week to ride in Massachusetts and Rhode Island.


E-bikes are a great way to enjoy the outdoors and get around in New York, but they also come with some responsibilities. E-bike riders must follow the law and respect other trail users and the environment. By knowing the rules and regulations for e-bikes in New York, you can have a safe and fun ride.

Helpful Links for Ebiking in New York State

  • PeopleForBikes: A national advocacy organization that promotes e-bike access and education.
  • NYSERDA: A state agency that offers incentives and rebates for e-bike purchases.
  • Bike New York: A nonprofit organization that provides bike education and events in New York City.
  • Parks & Trails New York: A nonprofit organization that advocates for trails and greenways in New York State.
  • Rails-to-Trails Conservancy: A nonprofit organization that converts unused rail corridors into trails.

Beefore you go, check out our maintenance checklist to ensure you have a successful ride.

These datasheets are provided by  

People For Bikes Org


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